A Linguistic Comparison
Two Notation Systems for Signed Languages:
Stokoe Notation & Sutton SignWriting

Joe Martin
Western Washington University


Armstrong, David F.
1999 Original Signs: Gesture, Sign, and the Sources of Language. Washington DC: Gallaudet University Press.

Bahan, Benjamin J.
1996 Non-Manual Realization of Agreement in American Sign Language. Boston University. Dissertation.

British Deaf Association.
1992 Dictionary of British Sign Language/English. David Brien (Ed) London: Faber & Faber.

Brooks, Clark
1996 "A Language Of Their Own." San Diego Tribune, March 17.

Campbell, George L.
1997 Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets. London: Routledge.

Clark, Kevin & Clark-Gunsauls, Darline
1997 "Research Related to Classifiers at Salk Institute Uses SignWriting" SignWriter Newsletter. La Jolla, CA: Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Corina, David
1990 "Hand Shape Assimilation in Hierarchical Phonological Representation." In Sign Language Research: Theoretical Issues. (Ed. Ceil Lucas). Washington DC: Gallaudet University Press.

Coulmas, Florian
1989 The Writing Systems of the World. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Coulmas, Florian
1984 "Arbitrariness and Double Articulation in Writing." In Orthographies and Reading: Perspectives from Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology, and Linguistics. Leslie Henderson (Ed). London: Lawrence Erlbaum

Crystal, David
1987 The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. NY: Cambridge University Press.

DeFrancis, John
1989 Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing Systems. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Deaf Action Committee for SignWriting
1998 English-ASL SignWriting Dictionary. V. Sutton (Ed) La Jolla, CA: DAC.

Fischer, Renate
1994 "The Notation of Sign Languages: Bebian's Mimographie" in Sign Language Research 1994: Proceedings of the 4th European Congress on Sign Language Research. Munich: Signum.

Groves, Peter
1998 "Linearity" Encyclopedia of Semiotics. Paul Bouissac (Ed) NY: Oxford University Press.

Hamilton, Hanley
1985 "Perception Of Features By Deaf Children." Sign Language Studies, 50 (Spring 85): Silver Spring MD: Linstok.

Henderson, Leslie
1984 "Writing Systems and Reading Processes" in Orthographies and Reading: Perspectives From Cognitive Psychology, Neurology and Linguistics. Leslie Henderson (Ed). London: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Han, Alexandra.
1999 "A Controversial Approach to Communication: SignWriting, The `Alphabet' of Signs." Silent News 31.3.

Holdcraft, David.
1991 Saussure: Sign, System and Arbitrariness. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, Robert & Liddell, Scott
1995 ASL Phonology. Unpublished manuscript.

Kegl, James
2 Nov 1998 A "proper" suggestion. Post #_____to SignWriting List.

Kegl, James
18 July 1999 SignWriting principles? Post #_____to SignWriting List.

Kim, Chin W.
1999 The Structure of Phonological Units in Hangul in The Korean Alphabet: Its History and Structure. (Ed) Young-key Kim-renaud. Honolulu:University of Hawaii Press.

Klima, Edward, & Bellugi, Ursula
1979 The Signs of Language. Cambridge: Harvard University.

Kyle, J.G. & Woll, B
1987 Sign Language: The Study of Deaf People and Their Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Liddell, Scott K.
1977 An Investigation into the Syntactic Structure of American Sign Language. University of California, San Diego. Dissertation.

Liddell, Scott K.
2000 "Indicating Verbs and Pronouns: Pointing Away From Agreement." The Signs of Language Revisited: An Anthology to Honor Ursula Bellugi and Edward Klima. Harlan Lane & Karen Emmory (Eds). Forthcoming: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates.

Liddell, Scott, & Johnson, Robert
1988 "American Sign Language: The Phonological Base." Sign Language Studies, 64. Washington DC: Linstok.

Lieberman, Philip
1998 Eye Spoke. NY: WW Norton.

MacKay, Ian
1978 Introducing Practical Phonetics. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.

Miller, Christopher
1994 "A Note on Notation." Signpost 7(3) Autumn.

Rayner, Keith & Pollatsek, Alexander
1989 The Psychology of Reading. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall

Sampson, Geoffrey
1985 Writing Systems: A Linguistic Introduction. Stanford, CA: Stanford U Press.

Sign Writing Systems
1987 Gallaudet Encyclopedia of Deaf People and Deafness. John Van Cleve (Ed). NY: McGraw-Hill.

Stokoe, William
1978 Sign Language Structure. (Revised Ed.) Silver Spring, MD: Linstok.

Stokoe, William, Casterline, Dorothy, & Croneberg, Carl
1976 A Dictionary of American Sign Language on Linguistic Principles (New Edition). Washington DC: Linstock.

Sutton, Valerie
25 Jun 1999 Ordering. Post #1527 to SignWriting List.

Sutton, Valerie
21 Aug 1999 Post #1715 to SignWriting List.

Sutton, Valerie
Sept 1996 SignWriting Web Site. https://www.SignWriting.org La Jolla, CA.: Deaf Action Committee for SignWriting.

Sutton, Valerie
1998 History of SignWriting. La Jolla, CA: Deaf Action Committee for SignWriting.

Sutton, Valerie
1995-1999 Lessons in SignWriting Textbook and Workbook. La Jolla, CA: Deaf Action Committee for SignWriting (DAC).

Sutton, Valerie
1997 Who Uses SignWriting? La Jolla, CA: Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Wilbur, Ronnie
1997 American Sign Language: Linguistic and Applied Dimensions. Second Ed. Boston: College-Hill

Valli, Clayton, & Lucas, Ceil
1995 Linguistics of American Sign Language. Washington, DC: Gallaudet Press.

Zaidel, E. & Peters, A.M.
1981 "Phonological Encoding and Ideographic Reading by the Disconnected Right Hemisphere: Two Case Studies," Brain and Language 14(12).

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Describing Language