Literacy In Nicaraguan Sign Language

Assessing
"Written Sign" Recognition Skills
at the Escuelita de Bluefields

by
Janice Gangel-Vasquez
PVasqEZ@aol.com

California State University
Dominguez Hills, California

   Summary

 Abstract

 Thesis Chapter 1

Thesis Chapter 2

 Thesis Chapter 3

References



Thesis
REFERENCES

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Anderson, R. (1983). Introduction. In Anderson, R. (Ed.), Pidginization and creolization as language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers, Inc.

Baltodano, J. F, Lopez Gomez, J. J., Perez Casstellan, & A. M., Rivera Rostron, J. M (1997). Diccionario del idioma de senas de Nicaragua. Managua, Nicaragua: Copy Fast S.A.

Bickerton, D. (1984). The language bioprogram hypothesis. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7:2, 173-221.

Bickerton, D. (1995/1996). Language and human behavior. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Erting, C. J. (1992). Deafness & literacy: Why can't Sam read? Sign Language Studies. Vol. 75, Summer 1992, 97-112.

Ewoldt, C. (1981). Factors which enable deaf readers to get meaning from print. In Shuy, R. W. (Ed.), Papers in Applied Linguistics. Linguistics and Literacy Series: 1. Washington, D. C.: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Gleaves, R. & Sutton, V. (1993, 1994, 1995) SignWriter Computer Program, version 4.3, MS-DOS. Special version specifically prepared for typing Nicaraguan Sign Language. Five manuals, seven floppy disks. ISBN: 0-914336-63-0. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Kegl, J. (1994). The Nicaraguan sign language project: An overview. Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 24-31.

Kegl, J., Senghas, A. & Coppola, M. (in press). Creation through contact: Sign language emergence and sign language change in Nicaragua. In DeGraff, M. (Ed.), Comparative grammatical change: The intersection of language acquisition, creole genesis, and diachronic syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kegl, J. & McWhorter, J. (in press). Perspectives on an emerging language. Unpublished manuscript, Rutgers University and University of California at Berkeley.

King, C. M. & Quigley, S. P. (1985). Reading and deafness. San Diego: College-Hill Press.

Mayberry, R. I. (1993). First-language acquisition after childhood differs from second-language acquisition: The case of American Sign Language. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 36, 1258-1270.

McIntire, M., Newkirk, D., Hutchins, S., & Poizner, H. (1987). Hands and faces: A preliminary inventory for written ASL. Sign Language Studies, 1987, Fall.

Newport, E. L. (1990). Maturational constraints on language learning. Cognitive Science, 14, 11-28.

Pinker, S. (1994). The language instinct. How the mind creates language. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Polich, L. (n.d.). Education of the hearing-impaired in Nicaragua.

Senghas, A. (1994). Nicaragua's lessons for language acquisition. Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 32-39.

Senghas, R. J. & Kegl, J. (1994). Social considerations in the emergence of Idioma de Signos Nicaraguense (Nicaraguan sign language). Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 40-46.

Strong, M. & Prinz, P. M. (1997). A study of the relationship between American Sign Language and English literacy. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, Vol 2, No. 1, 37-46.

Sutton, V (1994, 1995, 1997) Lessons In SignWriting Textbook, Second Edition. ISBN 0-914336-55-X. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Sutton, V (1996-present) SignWriting Web Site: http://www.SignWriting.org including over 200 web pages providing free SignWriting instruction online. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Sutton, V. (1997). What is the Difference Between SignWriting and English Glosses?, p.8 from a series of articles entitled "Questions & Answers About SignWriting", published on the SignWriting Web Site: http://www.SignWriting.org/sw187.html. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Wilcox, S. (1994). Struggling for a voice: An interactionist view of language and literacy in deaf education. In John-Steiner, V., Panofsky, C.P., & Smith, L.W. (Eds.), Sociocultural approaches to language and literacy. An interactionist perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press References.

"SignWriting" and "SignWriter" are registered trademarks of the Center For Sutton Movement Writing Inc, a non-profit, tax-exempt, educational membership organization founded in Southern California in 1974.

Would you like a photocopy of this entire thesis? The paper version includes more diagrams and a Table that lists the results of the tests. To receive a copy through snail mail, write to the author:

Janice Gangel-Vasquez
PVasqEZ@aol.com