Literacy In Nicaraguan Sign Language

"Written Sign" Recognition Skills
at the Escuelita de Bluefields

Janice Gangel-Vasquez

California State University
Dominguez Hills, California



 Thesis Chapter 1

Thesis Chapter 2

 Thesis Chapter 3



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Gleaves, R. & Sutton, V. (1993, 1994, 1995) SignWriter Computer Program, version 4.3, MS-DOS. Special version specifically prepared for typing Nicaraguan Sign Language. Five manuals, seven floppy disks. ISBN: 0-914336-63-0. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Kegl, J. (1994). The Nicaraguan sign language project: An overview. Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 24-31.

Kegl, J., Senghas, A. & Coppola, M. (in press). Creation through contact: Sign language emergence and sign language change in Nicaragua. In DeGraff, M. (Ed.), Comparative grammatical change: The intersection of language acquisition, creole genesis, and diachronic syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kegl, J. & McWhorter, J. (in press). Perspectives on an emerging language. Unpublished manuscript, Rutgers University and University of California at Berkeley.

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Senghas, A. (1994). Nicaragua's lessons for language acquisition. Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 32-39.

Senghas, R. J. & Kegl, J. (1994). Social considerations in the emergence of Idioma de Signos Nicaraguense (Nicaraguan sign language). Sign, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring 1994, 40-46.

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Sutton, V (1994, 1995, 1997) Lessons In SignWriting Textbook, Second Edition. ISBN 0-914336-55-X. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Sutton, V (1996-present) SignWriting Web Site: including over 200 web pages providing free SignWriting instruction online. Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Sutton, V. (1997). What is the Difference Between SignWriting and English Glosses?, p.8 from a series of articles entitled "Questions & Answers About SignWriting", published on the SignWriting Web Site: Deaf Action Committee For SignWriting.

Wilcox, S. (1994). Struggling for a voice: An interactionist view of language and literacy in deaf education. In John-Steiner, V., Panofsky, C.P., & Smith, L.W. (Eds.), Sociocultural approaches to language and literacy. An interactionist perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press References.

"SignWriting" and "SignWriter" are registered trademarks of the Center For Sutton Movement Writing Inc, a non-profit, tax-exempt, educational membership organization founded in Southern California in 1974.

Would you like a photocopy of this entire thesis? The paper version includes more diagrams and a Table that lists the results of the tests. To receive a copy through snail mail, write to the author:

Janice Gangel-Vasquez